Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is because of faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and in most cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and relentless signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the action varies and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve included. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of website the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some kinds like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are irreversible. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of paramount value. Other treatment is based upon the symptoms, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis often reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy might also be due to poisonous impact of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and numerous others. Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose reduction. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine together with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.